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Impact of walkability with regard to physical activity in the prevention of diabetes

Carlos Mena, César Sepúlveda, Yony Ormazábal, Eduardo Fuentes, Iván Palomo
  • Carlos Mena
    Geomatics Centre, Faculty of Forestry Sciences, University of Talca, Chile
  • César Sepúlveda
    Platelet Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunohematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Interdisciplinary Excellence Research Program on Healthy Aging, University of Talca, Chile
  • Yony Ormazábal
    Geomatics Centre, Faculty of Forestry Sciences, University of Talca, Chile
  • Eduardo Fuentes
    Platelet Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunohematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Interdisciplinary Excellence Research Program on Healthy Aging, University of Talca; Multidisciplinary Scientific Centre, University of Talca, Chile
  • Iván Palomo
    Platelet Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Biochemistry and Immunohematology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Interdisciplinary Excellence Research Program on Healthy Aging, University of Talca, Chile | ipalomo@utalca.cl

Abstract

Walkability, a component of urban design intended to facilitate pedestrian traffic, depends on parameters associated with the connectivity of routes, population density and availability of destinations in the neighbourhood. The aim is to achieve levels of physical activity related to the prevention of risk factors associated with diseases, such as diabetes and the improvement of glycaemia control. It is important to consider that the effects of walkability depend on its relation with other variables present in the neighbourhood, e.g., environmental and socioeconomic factors. Considering this, improving walkability levels could be an effective strategy to reduce disease, the prevalence of diabetes in particular, in the population and thus reduce public spending. To investigate these relationships, PUBMED and ScienceDirect databases were searched using the following key words: Diabetes, Walkability and Physical activity.

Keywords

Walkability; GIS; Physical activity; Diabetes; Connectivity

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Submitted: 2017-06-14 15:52:33
Published: 2017-11-03 11:55:07
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Copyright (c) 2017 Carlos Mena, Cesar Sepulveda, Yony Ormazabal, eduardo fuentes, Ivan Palomo

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