Impact of socio-economic environment and its interaction on the initial spread of COVID-19 in mainland China

Submitted: 25 November 2021
Accepted: 5 March 2022
Published: 18 March 2022
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has strongly impacted society since it was first reported in mainland China in December 2020. Understanding its spread and consequence is crucial to pandemic control, yet difficult to achieve because we deal with a complex context of social environment and variable human behaviour. However, few efforts have been made to comprehensively analyse the socio-economic influences on viral spread and how it promotes the infection numbers in a region. Here we investigated the effect of socio-economic factors and found a strong linear relationship between the gross domestic product (GDP) and the cumulative number of confirmed COVID-19 cases with a high value of R2 (between 0.57 and 0.88). Structural equation models were constructed to further analyse the social-economic interaction mechanism of the spread of COVID-19. The results show that the total effect of GDP (0.87) on viral spread exceeds that of population influx (0.58) in the central cities of mainland China and that the spread mainly occurred through its interplay with other factors, such as socio-economic development. This evidence can be generalized as socio-economic factors can accelerate the spread of any infectious disease in a megacity environment. Thus, the world is in urgent need of a new plan to prepare for current and future pandemics.



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How to Cite

Guo, M., Yang, L., Shen, F., Zhang, L., Li, A., Cai, Y., & Zhou, C. (2022). Impact of socio-economic environment and its interaction on the initial spread of COVID-19 in mainland China. Geospatial Health, 17(s1).

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