A spatiotemporal analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on noise pollution in Tehran, Iran

Submitted: 9 June 2022
Accepted: 4 September 2022
Published: 29 November 2022
Abstract Views: 518
PDF: 485
HTML: 7
Publisher's note
All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article or claim that may be made by its manufacturer is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Authors

Noise pollution is one of the non-natural hazards in cities. Long-term exposure to this kind of pollution has severe destructive effects on human health, including mental illness, stress, anxiety, hormonal disorders, hypertension and therefore also cardiovascular disease. One of the primary sources of noise pollution in cities is transportation. The COVID-19 outbreak caused a significant change in the pattern of transportation in cities of Iran. In this article, we studied the spatial and temporal patterns of noise pollution levels in Tehran before and after the outbreak of this disease. An overall analysis from one year before until one year after the outbreak, which showed that noise pollution in residential areas of Tehran had increased by 7% over this period. In contrast, it had diminished by about 2% in the same period in the city centre and around Tehran’s Grand Bazaar. Apart from these changes, we observed no specific pattern in other city areas. However, a monthly data analysis based on the t-test, the results show that the early months of the virus outbreak were associated with a significant pollution reduction. However, this reduction in noise pollution was not sustained; instead a gradual increase in pollution occurred over the following months. In the months towards the end of the period analysed, noise pollution increased to a level even higher than before the outbreak. This increase can be attributed to the gradual reopening of businesses or people ignoring the prevailing conditions.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Citations

Abdur-Rouf K,Shaaban K, 2022. Measuring, Mapping, and Evaluating Daytime Traffic Noise Levels at Urban Road Intersections in Doha, Qatar. Future Transp 2:625-43. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/futuretransp2030034
Ahmadkhani M, Alesheikh A, 2017. Space-time analysis of human brucellosis considering environmental factors in Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Dis 7:257-65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12980/apjtd.7.2017D6-353
Aletta F, Brinchi S, Carrese S, Gemma A, Guattari C, Mannini L, Patella SM, 2020. Analysing urban traffic volumes and mapping noise emissions in Rome (Italy) in the context of containment measures for the COVID-19 disease. Noise Mapp 7:114-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2020-0010
Arora N K, Mishra J, 2020. COVID-19 and importance of environmental sustainability. Environ Sustain 3:117-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42398-020-00107-z
Asensio C, Pavón I, De Arcas G, 2020. Changes in noise levels in the city of Madrid during COVID-19 lockdown in 2020. J Acoust Soc Am 148:1748-55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0002008
Basu B, Murphy E, Molter A, Basu A S, Sannigrahi S, Belmonte M,Pilla F, 2020. Investigating changes in noise pollution due to the COVID-19 lockdown: The case of Dublin, Ireland. Sustain Cities Soc 65:102597. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scs.2020.102597
Belojević G, Jakovljević B, Aleksić O, 1997. Subjective reactions to traffic noise with regard to some personality traits. Environ Int 23:221-26. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-4120(97)00008-1
Bendavid E, Oh C, Bhattacharya J, Ioannidis JP, 2021. Assessing mandatory stay-at-home and business closure effects on the spread of COVID-19. Eur J Clin Invest51:e13484. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/eci.13484
Borhani F, Shafiepour Motlagh M, Stohl A, Rashidi Y, Ehsani AH, 2021. Changes in short-lived climate pollutants during the COVID-19 pandemic in Tehran, Iran. Environ Monit Assess193:1-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-021-09096-w
Caraka RE, Yusra Y, Toharudin T, Chen R-C, Basyuni M, Juned V, Gio PU, Pardamean B, 2021. Did Noise Pollution Really Improve during COVID-19? Evidence from Taiwan. Sustainability 13:5946. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115946
Dodge Y, 2008. The Concise Encyclopedia of Statistics, Springer Science & Business Media, 616 pp.
Dong E, Du H, Gardner L, 2020. An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real time. Lancet Infect Dis 20:533-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30120-1
Freedman DA, 2009. Statistical models: theory and practice, CambridgeUniversity Press, 443 pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511815867
Hahad O, Daiber A, Münzel T, 2022. Reduced aircraft noise pollution during covid-19 lockdown is beneficial to public cardiovascular health: a perspective on the reduction of transportation-associated pollution. Am Heart Assoc 79:335-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.121.18607
He S, Smargiassi A, Low N, Bilodeau-Bertrand M, Ayoub A, Auger N, 2019. Residential noise exposure and the longitudinal risk of hospitalization for depression after pregnancy: Postpartum and beyond. Environ Res 170:26-32. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.12.001
Hogan CM, Latshaw GL. The relationship between highway planning and urban noise. In: Proceedings of the ASCE Urban Transportation Division Environment Impact Specialty Conference, 1973, Chicago, Illinois, pp 109-126.
Kalawapudi K, Singh T, Vijay R, Goyal N, Kumar R, 2021. Effects of COVID-19 pandemic on festival celebrations and noise pollution levels. Noise Mapp 8:89-93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/noise-2021-0006
Marx L, 1956. The machine in the garden. New Engl Q, 1:27-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/363061
Mekonnen BA, Aragaw TA, 2021. Environmental sustainability and COVID-19 pandemic: an overview review on new opportunities and challenges. In: Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes book series: COVID-19, Springer, pp. 117-140. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-3860-2_5
Menkiti NU, Agunwamba J C, 2015. Assessment of noise pollution from electricity generators in a high-density residential area. African J Sci Technol Innov Dev 7:306-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/20421338.2015.1082370
Mishra A, Das S, Singh D, Maurya A K, 2021. Effect of COVID-19 lockdown on noise pollution levels in an Indian city: a case study of Kanpur. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28:46007-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-13872-z
Mogull RG, 2004. Second-semester applied statistics. Kendall Hunt Publishing Company, 194 pp.
Monazzam MR, Karimi E, Abbaspour M, Nassiri P,Taghavi L, 2015. Spatial traffic noise pollution assessment-a case study. Int J Occup Med Environ Health 28:625-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00103
Morfey CL, 2000. Dictionary of acoustics, Academic Press, 430 pp.
Morillas JMB, Gozalo GR, González DM, Moraga P A,Vílchez-Gómez R, 2018. Noise pollution and urban planning. Curr Pollut Rep 4:208-19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40726-018-0095-7
Mostafa MK, Gamal G, Wafiq A, 2021. The impact of COVID 19 on air pollution levels and other environmental indicators-A case study of Egypt. J Environ Manage 277:111496. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111496
Münzel T,Sørensen M, 2017. Noise pollution and arterial hypertension. Eur Cardiol Rev 12:26-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15420/ecr.2016:31:2
Ng CF, 2000. Effects of building construction noise on residents: A quasi-experiment. J Environ Psychol 20:375-85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2000.0177
Ogneva-Himmelberger Y, Cooperman B, 2010. Spatio-temporal analysis of noise pollution near Boston Logan airport: Who carries the cost? Urban Stud 47:169-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098009346863
Oh M, Shin K, Kim K, Shin J, 2019. Influence of noise exposure on cardiocerebrovascular disease in Korea. Sci Total Environ 651:1867-76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.081
Oralhan Z, Oralhan B, Yiğit Y, 2017. Smart city application: Internet of things (IoT) technologies based smart waste collection using data mining approach and ant colony optimization. Int Arab J Inf Technol 14:423-7.
World Health Organization (WHO), 2005. United Nations road safety collaboration: a handbook of partner profiles. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/43159
Oyedepo OS, Saadu AA, 2009. A comparative study of noise pollution levels in some selected areas in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria. Environ Monit Assess 158:155-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-008-0570-5
Pokhrel S, Chhetri R, 2021. A literature review on impact of COVID-19 pandemic on teaching and learning. High Educ Future 8:133-41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2347631120983481
Praveena SM, Aris A Z, 2021. The impacts of COVID-19 on the environmental sustainability: a perspective from the Southeast Asian region. Environ Sci Pollut Res 28:829-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11774-0
Ranjbar K, Hosseinpour H, Shahriarirad R, Ghaem H, Jafari K, Rahimi T, Mirahmadizadeh A,Hosseinpour P, 2021. Students’ attitude and sleep pattern during school closure following COVID-19 pandemic quarantine: a web-based survey in south of Iran. Environ Health Prev Med 26:1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-021-00950-4
Rume T, Islam S D-U, 2020. Environmental effects of COVID-19 pandemic and potential strategies of sustainability. Heliyon 6:e04965. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04965
Siche R, 2020. What is the impact of COVID-19 disease on agriculture? SciAgropecu 11:3-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2020.01.00
Terry C, Rothendler M, Zipf L, Dietze MC,Primack RB, 2021. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on noise pollution in three protected areas in metropolitan Boston (USA). Biol Conserv 256:109039. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109039
Vijay R, Kori C, Kumar M, Chakrabarti T, Gupta R, 2014. Assessment of traffic noise on highway passing from urban agglomeration. Fluct Noise Lett 13:1450031. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1142/S021947751450031X

How to Cite

Abbasi, O. R., Ebrahimian Ghajari , Y. ., & Alesheikh, A. A. (2022). A spatiotemporal analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on noise pollution in Tehran, Iran. Geospatial Health, 17(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2022.1114