Space-time cluster analysis of anemia in pregnant women in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (2014-2020)

Submitted: 8 February 2023
Accepted: 2 March 2023
Published: 5 October 2023
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Anaemia is a common public-health problem affecting about two-thirds of pregnant women in developing countries. Spacetime cluster analysis of anemia cases is important for publichealth policymakers to design evidence-based intervention strategies. This study discovered the potential space-time clusters of anemia in pregnant women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan, from 2014 to 2020 using space-time scan statistic (SatScan). The results show that the most likely cluster of anemia was seen in the rural areas in the eastern part of the province covering five districts from 2017 to 2019. However, three secondary clusters in the West and one in the North were still active, signifying important targets of interest for public-health interventions. The potential anemia clusters in the province’s rural areas might be associated with the lack of nutritional education in women and lack of access to sufficient diet due to financial constraints.

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How to Cite

Ullah, S., Burney, S. A. ., Rasheed, T., Burney, S., & Barakzia, M. A. K. (2023). Space-time cluster analysis of anemia in pregnant women in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan (2014-2020). Geospatial Health, 18(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/gh.2023.1192