Guidelines for Authors

Manuscript will be carefully scrutinized for evidence of plagiarism, duplication and data manipulation; in particular, images will be carefully examined for any indication of intentional improper modification.

Any suspected misconduct ends up with a quick rejection and is then reported to the US Office of Research Integrity.

Ensure that your work is written in correct English before submission. Professional copyediting can help authors improve the presentation of their work and increase its chances of being taken on by a publisher. In case you feel that your manuscript would benefit from a professional a professional English language copyediting checking language grammar and style, you can find a reliable revision service at:

The Corresponding Author, multiple corresponding authors are not allowed, must submit the manuscript online-only through our Manuscript Submission System.

Authors are kindly invited to suggest potential reviewers (names, affilitations and email addresses) for their manuscript, if they wish.

Manuscript preparation

Preparation of manuscripts

  • Manuscripts should be written in English and submitted in MS Word Format (no PDF).
  • Manuscripts should have numbered lines, with wide margins and double spacing throughout. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, should be numbered.
  • Manuscripts should be organized in the following order:
    • Title
    • Name(s) of author(s)
    • Complete postal address(es) of affiliations
    • Full telephone, Fax No. and e-mail address of the corresponding author
    • Abstract (not longer than 250 words)
    • Keywords (3-5)
    • Introduction
    • Materials and methods (with subheadings if necessary)
    • Results (with subheadings if necessary)
    • Discussion
    • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgments
  • References
  • Titles of tables and figures
  • Tables (must be pasted into the same file)
  • Figures  (must be pasted into the same file)

Journal Sections

Original Articles
They should be divided into an Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions and References. A maximum of 10 authors is permitted and additional authors should be listed in an ad hoc Appendix.

Reviews They should be introduced by a general summary of content in the form of an Abstract. Following a short introduction, putting the study into context and defining the aim, reviews will concentrate on the most recent developments in the field. A review should clearly describe the search strategy followed (key words, inclusion, exclusion criteria, search engines,...). No particular format is required; headings should be used to designate the major divisions of the paper.

vHealth communications The visual approach of vHealth communications does not aspire to replace normal-length articles, but aims at facilitating communication to the wider set of stakeholders involved in research today, i.e. government offices, decision-makers, funding agencies, diseases programme managers as well as the very people who live and work in endemic areas. To make visualization an integral part of the scientific communication, the journal welcomes the combination of a short manuscript and a complementing video clip, which form together a vHealth communication. The video clip is at the core of a vHealth communication, presenting objectives, concepts, methodologies and spatial associations in a manner that is entertaining and easily understandable, yet coherent and scientifically sound. In accordance with the focus of the journal, vHealth communications need to show application of geographical information systems, remote sensing, global positioning systems, spatial statistics or other geospatial tools in the context of human and veterinary health.

How to prepare a vHealth communication
The manuscript of a vHealth communication needs to follow the instructions as provided by the journal’s Guidelines for Authors, with the following exceptions and additions:

  • Abstract not exceeding 100 words (visualisation needs to be mentioned somewhere in the abstract)
  • 3-5 keywords
  • Background of the visualisation (maximum 1,400 words), introducing the topic, the methodology of the research presented), some key findings of the research and the motivation behind the vHealth communication
  • One figure or table
  • One box summarizing the overall aim/motivation of the vHealth communication (50-100 words)
  • One box describing the software used for producing the video clip (100-150 words). The objective of this box is to encourage other researchers to produce video clips for disseminating their research findings to a wider audience
  • No more than 12 references

Video clip

  • The video clip should be entertaining and easily understandable, yet coherent and scientifically sound
  • The video should have a clear structure/story line (e.g. introduction, methodology, visualized findings, outlook)
  • Duration of the video clip: maximum 10 minutes
  • Video clip must be in good quality (picture and sound)

An Internet link to the video clip has to be provided when submitting a vHealth communication. It is the responsibility of the authors that no copyrights are violated in the final video clip, which will be published on YouTube by the journal.


  • References cited in the text should be presented in a list in the section References
  • In the text refer to the author's name (without initial) and year of publication.
  • If reference is made in the text to a publication written by more than two authors the name of the first author should be used followed by "et al.". This indication, however, should never be used in the list of references. In this list names of first author and co-authors should be mentioned.
  • References cited together in the text should be arranged chronologically.
  • The references should be listed in alphabetical order and they should contain: surname and initials of each author, year of publication, title of the paper, abbreviated name and volume of the journal (for books, title and publisher), first and last page of the paper.
  • For example:

    for journals

    Cringoli G, Taddei R, Rinaldi L, Veneziano V, Musella V, Cascone C, Sibilio G, Malone JB, 2004. Use of remote sensing and geographical information systems to identify environmental features that influence the distribution of paramphistomosis in sheep from the southern Italian Apennines. Vet Parasitol 122:15-26.

    for books

    Elliott P, Wakefield J, Best N, Briggs D, 2000. Spatial Epidemiology - Methods and Applications, Oxford University Press, 494 pp.